Concentration in the U.S. Wine Industry

No other section of the supermarket offers as many choices as the wine aisle. A typical retailer is likely to have hundreds of unique wines on its shelves. Just three firms, however, account for more than half of the wine sales in the United States. What impact does this industry concentration have on consumer choices? To answer this question we conducted an inventory of wine offerings at 20 retailers in Michigan. We recorded more than 3,600 unique varieties of wine, and traced their relationships with more than 1,000 different firms. Continue reading Concentration in the U.S. Wine Industry

Latest Book

Howard, Philip H. Concentration and Power in the Food System: Who Controls What We Eat? London: Bloomsbury Academic (February 25, 2016). Nearly every day brings news of another merger or acquisition involving the companies that control our food supply. Just how concentrated has this system become? At almost every key stage of the food system, four firms alone control 40% or more of the market, a … Continue reading Latest Book

Visualizing Fair Trade Coffee

The fair trade certification has entered a period of major change. The recent departure of Fair Trade USA from the international certification system led by Fair Trade International (formerly FLO), and its decision to develop separate US standards that permit certification of plantation-produced coffee, cocoa, and other crops, has thrown the meaning of the US fair trade label into question. Continue reading Visualizing Fair Trade Coffee

The Availability of Michigan-Produced Wines in Southern Michigan Retail Locations

The wine industry is important to the state of Michigan. In 2005, the wine industry in Michigan added $286 million to the state’s economy. The state is the ninth largest producer of wine grapes in the country and the fourteenth largest producer of wine. The number of wineries in Michigan, as well as the total acreage of wine grapes has steadily increased since the 1970s. Continue reading The Availability of Michigan-Produced Wines in Southern Michigan Retail Locations